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Amarasingam, A., & Brewster, M.E. (2016). The fall of the new atheism: Identity politics and tensions within U.S. nonbelievers. Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion, 118.

Arrowood, R. B., Coleman, T. J. III, Swanson, S. B., Hood, R. W. Jr., & Cox, C. R. (2018). Death, quest, and self-esteem: Reexamining the role of self-esteem and religion following mortality salience. Religion, Brain & Behavior.

Brewster, M.E. (2013). Atheism, gender, and sexuality. In S. Bullivant & M. Ruse (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of atheism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brewster, M.E. (2014). Atheists in America. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Brewster, M. E., Hammer, J., Sawyer, J., Eklund, A., & Palamar, J. (2016). Perceived experiences of atheist discrimination: Instrument development and evaluation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 63(5), 557.

Brewster, M.E., Robinson, M., Sandil, R. Esposito, J., & Geiger, E. (2014). Arrantly absent: Atheism in psychological science from 2001-2012. The Counseling Psychologist, 42, 628-663.

Brewster, M.E., & Sawyer, J. (2014). Atheism and the American family. In L. Ganong, M. Coleman, & G.J. Geoffrey (Eds.), The social history of the American family. New York, NY: Sage.

Brewster, M.E., Velez, B.L., Sawyer, J., Motulsky, W., Chan, A., & Kim, V. (in press). Family religiosity and psychological well-being for LGBQ atheists. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality.
Brewster, M.E., Velez, B.L., Geiger, E., & Sawyer, J.S. (2020). It’s like herding cats: Atheist minority stress, group involvement, and psychological outcomes. Journal of Counseling Psychology.

Coleman III, T. J. (2015). Does the atheist have a theory of mind? Scientia Salon. Retrieved from

Coleman III, T. J., & Arrowood, R. B. (2015). Only we can save ourselves: An atheists ‘salvation’. In Bacon, H., Dossett, W., & Knowles, S. (Eds.), Alternative salvations: Engaging the sacred and the secular (pp. 11–20). London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Coleman III, T. J., & Hood Jr, R. W. (2015). Reconsidering everything: From folk categories to existential theory of mind [Peer commentary on the paper “From Weird Experiences to Revelatory Events” by A. Taves]. Religion and Society: Advances in Research, 6(1), 18-22.

Coleman, T.J. III, Hood, R. W. Jr., & Streib, H. (2018). An introduction to atheism, agnosticism, & non-religious worldviews. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality.

Coleman III, T. J., Silver, C. F., & Holcombe, J. (2013). Focusing on horizontal transcendence: Much more than a “non-belief”. Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism, 21(2), 1-18.

Cook, C. L., Cohen, F., & Solomon, S. (2015). What if they’re right about the afterlife? Evidence of the role of existential threat on anti-atheist prejudice. Social Psychological and Personality Science.

Cook, C. L., Cottrell, C. A., & Webster, G. D. (2015). No good without God: Antiatheist prejudice as a function of threats to morals and values. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 7(3), 217.

Cragun, D., Cragun, R. T., Nathan, B., Sumerau, J. E., & Nowakowski, A. C. (2016). Do religiosity and spirituality really matter for social, mental, and physical health?: A tale of two samples. Sociological Spectrum, 36(6), 359-377.

Cragun, R.T., Hammer, J.H., & Nielsen, M. (2015). The nonreligious-nonspiritual scale (NRNSS): Measuring everyone from atheists to Zionists.” Science, Religion, and Culture, 2(3): 36–53.

Cragun, R.T., Hammer, J. H., & Smith, J. M. (2013). North America. In S. Bullivant (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of atheism (pp. 601-621). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Cragun, R. T., Henry, P., Homan, C. P., & Hammer, J. H. (2012). Whom do people dislike more: Atheists or cultists? Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, 8, 1-19.

Cragun, R.T., Kosmin, B., Keysar, A., Hammer, J. H., & Nielsen, M. (2012). On the receiving end: Discrimination toward the non-religious. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 27(1), 105-127.

Cragun, R. T., Blyde, V. L., Sumerau, J. E., Mann, M., & Hammer, J. H. (2016). Perceived marginalization, educational contexts, and (non)religious educational experience. Journal of College and Character, 17(4), 241-254.

Cragun, R.T., & Lawson, R. (2010). The secular transition: The worldwide growth of Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Seventh-day Adventists. Sociology of Religion, 71(3), 349–373.

Cragun, R. T., & Hammer, J. H. (2011). “One person’s apostate is another person’s convert”: What terminology tells us about pro-religious hegemony in the sociology of religion. Humanity and Society, 35, 149-175.

Cragun, R.T., & Speed, D. (2021). We do not think it means what they think it means: A response to Thunström et al. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Online First, 1-3.

DeCamp, W., & Smith, J. M. (2018). Religion, nonreligion, and deviance: Comparing faith’s and family’s relative strength in promoting social conformity. Journal of Religion and Health, 1-15.

Hammer, J.H., Cragun, R.T., & Hwang, K. (2013). Measuring spiritual fitness: Atheist military personnel, veterans, and civilians. Military Psychology, 25(5), 438–51.

Hammer, J.H., Cragun, R.T., Hwang, K., & Smith, J. (2012). Forms, frequency, and correlates of perceived anti-atheist discrimination. Secularism and Nonreligion, 1, 43-67.

Hwang, K. (2008). Atheists with disabilities: A neglected minority in religion and rehabilitation research. Journal of Religion, Disability and Health, 12, 186-92.

Hwang, K. (2008). Experiences of atheists with spinal cord injury: Results of an internet-based exploratory survey. SCI Psychosocial Process, 20, 4-17.

Hwang, K., Hammer, J.H., & Cragun, R.T. (2011). Extending religion-health research to nontheistic minorities: Issues and concerns. Journal of Religion and Health, 50(3), 608–22.

Farias, M., Coleman, T. J. III, Bartlett, J., Oviedo, L., Soares, P., Santos, T. and Bas Cerdá, M. (2018). Atheists on the Santiago Way: Examining motivations to go on pilgrimage. Sociology of Religion, sry019, 1-17.

Fazzino, L. L. (2014). Leaving the church behind: Applying a deconversion perspective to evangelical exit narratives. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 29(2), 249-266.

Fazzino, L. L., Borer, M. I., & Haq, M. A. (2014). The new moral entrepreneurs. In The death and resurrection of deviance (pp. 168-191). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Foster, A.B., Brewster, M.E., Velez, B., & Eklund, A. (2017). Footprints in the sand: Personal, psychological, and relational profiles of religious, spiritual, and atheist LGB individuals. Journal of Homosexuality, 64(4), 466-487.

Keller, B., Coleman III, T. J., & Silver, C. F. (2016). Narrative reconstruction and content analysis: Content analysis in the Interpretation of “spiritual” biographical trajectories for case studies. In Semantics and psychology of spirituality (pp. 251-271). Springer International Publishing.

Langston, J. (2014). Explaining atheism: Testing Hunter’s Durkheimian theory. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, 10, 10.

Langston, J., Albanesi, H. P., & Facciani, M. (2019). Toward faith: A qualitative study of how atheists convert to Christianity.  Journal of Religion & Society, 21, 1-23.

Langston, J., Hammer, J.H., & Cragun, R. T. (2015). Atheism looking in: On the goals and strategies of organized nonbelief. Science, Religion and Culture, 2(3), 70-85.

Langston, J., Hammer, J.H., Cragun, R.T., & Sikes, M.E. (2017).  Inside the minds and movement of America’s nonbelievers.  In C. Manning, R. Cragun, & L. Fazzino (Eds.). Organized secularism in America, De Gruyter. 

Langston, J., Speed, S., & Coleman, T.J. III. (2018). Predicting age of atheism: Credibility enhancing displays and religious importance, choice, and conflict in family of upbringing. Religion, Brain, and Behavior 10(1), 49-67.

McCaffree, K. (2017). The secular landscape: The decline of religion in America. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

McCaffree, K., & Saide, AR. (2017). Do secular and religious social networks meet the same individual and societal needs? Religion, Brain and Behavior.

McCaffree, K. (2018).The perception of atheism as deviant. In S.E. Brown & O. Sefiha (eds.). Handbook of Deviance Studies. New York, NY: Routledge.

Morgan, D. & Nica, A. (2020). Iterative Thematic Inquiry: A new method for analyzing qualitative data. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1-11.

Nica, A. (2020). Leaving my religion: How ex-fundamentalists reconstruct identity related to well-being. Journal of Religion and Health, 59, 2120–2134.

Nica, A. (2019). Exiters of religious fundamentalism: Reconstruction of social support and relationships related to well-being. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 22:5, 543-556. DOI: 10.1080/13674676.2019.1636015

Nica, A. (2018). Exiters of religious fundamentalism: Reconstruction of identity, social relationships and support, and meaning related to well-being. Dissertations and Theses. Paper 4404.

Sawyer, J. S. (2020). Bereavement outcomes for atheist individuals: The role of spirituality, discrimination, and meaning. Omega - Journal of Death and Dying. Advance online publication.  DOI: 10.1177/0030222820974536

Sawyer, J. S., & Brewster, M. E. (2018). Assessing posttraumatic growth, complicated grief, and psychological distress in bereaved atheists and believers. Death Studies.

Sawyer, J.S., Brewster, M.E., & Ertl, M. (2019). Death anxiety and death acceptance in atheists and other nonbelievers. Death Studies. 

Silver, C. F., Coleman III, T. J., Hood Jr, R. W., & Holcombe, J. M. (2014). The six types of nonbelief: a qualitative and quantitative study of type and narrative. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 17(10), 990-1001.

Sevinc, K., Coleman, T. J. III, & Hood, R. W. Jr. (2018). Non-belief: An Islamic perspective. Secularism & Nonreligion, 7(5), 1-12.

Sevinc, K., Hood, R. W. Jr., Coleman, T. J. III. (2017). Secularism in Turkey. In Zuckerman, P., & Shook, J. R., (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of secularism. Oxford University Press.

Sevinc K., Metinyurt T., Coleman, T. J. III. (2017). “What is nonbelief?” An empirical research on the concept of nonbelief. Turkish Journal of Religious Education Studies, 4, 23-40.

Smith, J. M. (2011). Becoming an atheist in America: Constructing identity and meaning from the rejection of theism. Sociology of Religion, 72(2), 215-37

Smith, J. M. (2013). Conceptualizing atheist identity: Expanding questions, constructing models, and moving forward. Sociology of Religion, 74(4), 454-63.

Smith, J. M. (2013). Creating a godless community: The collective identity work of contemporary American atheists. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 52, 80-99.


Smith, J. M. (2013). Rejecting God, adopting atheism. In P. A. Adler and P. Adler (Eds.), Sociological odyssey: Contemporary readings in introductory sociology (4th ed., pp. 341-351). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Smith, J.M. (2016). Secular living: Many paths, many meanings. In P. Zuckerman, & J.R. Shook (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of secularism (pp. 515-532). Oxford University Press.

Smith, J.M. (2016). Expressive nontheism: Moral communities and promoting the social good. In F. Garelli & R. Cipriani (Eds), Annual review of the sociology of religion (pp. 98-117). Brill Publications.

Smith, J.M. (2017). Can the secular be the object of belief and belonging? The Sunday Assembly. Qualitative Sociology40(1), 83-109.

Speed, D. (2016). Unbelievable?! Theistic/epistemological viewpoint affects religion–health relationship. Journal of Religion and Health, 1-20.

Speed, D.
(2020). Nonreligion and health In R. Cragun & J. Smith (Eds.), Secularity and Nonreligion in North America. London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing. Chapter submitted for review November 2019; Revised and resubmitted February 2020

Speed, D. (2021). Godless in the Great White North: Assessing the health of Canadian atheists using data from the 2011/2012 Canadian Community Health Survey. Journal of Religion and Health, Online First, 1-18.

Speed, D., Barry, C., & Cragun, R. (2020). With a little help from my (Canadian) friends: Social support mediates religion/spirituality-health relationships. Social Science & Medicine, Ahead of Print.


Speed, D., & Brewster, M. (2021). Love thy neighbor… or not: Christians, but not atheists, show high in-group favoritism. Secularism and Nonreligion, Online First, 1-15.


Speed, D., Coleman III, T. J., Galen, L. W., & Hwang, K. (2019). In doubt and disbelief – How Mrdjenovich 2018 misunderstands the (non)religion-health relationship. Journal of Religion and Health, Ahead of Print.

Speed, D., Coleman, III, T.J., & Langston, J.  (2018).  “What do you mean, ‘What does it all mean’?”:  Atheism, nonreligion, and meaning in life.  SAGE Open 8(1), 1-13.


Speed, D., & Fowler, K. (2016). What’s God got to do with it? How religiosity predicts atheists’ health. Journal of Religion and Health, 55(1), 296-308.


Speed, D., & Fowler, K. (2017). Empowerment or dependency? The religion/religiosity-mastery relationship. Canadian Psychology.

Speed, D., & Fowler, K. (2017). Good for all? Hardly! Attending church does not benefit religiously unaffiliated. Journal of Religion and Health, 56, 986-1002.

Speed, D., & Fowler, K. (2021). One size doesn’t fit all: Religious/spiritual identities moderate salutary effects of religion. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, Online First, 1-17.

Speed, D., & Lamont, A. (2021). (Life) satisfaction guaranteed? Subjective wellbeing attenuates religious attendance-life satisfaction association. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, Online First, 1-9.

Stinespring, J, & Cragun, R.T. (2015). Simple Markov model for estimating the growth of nonreligion in the United States.” Science, Religion, and Culture 2(3):96–103.

Sumerau, J. E., & Cragun, R. T. (2016). “I think some people need religion”: The social construction of nonreligious moral identities. Sociology of Religion, srw031.

Zimmerman, K.J., Smith, J.M., Simonson, K., & Myers, B.W. (2015). Familial relationship outcomes of coming out as an atheist. Secularism and Nonreligion 4(4), 1-13.

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